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Lysistrata Comparison Essays

Similarities Between Aristophanes' Lysistrata And Euripides' Medea

Similarities Between Aristophanes' Lysistrata and Euripides' Medea

The poetic tone of Aristophanes' Lysistrata differs greatly from the poetic tone of the Greek tragedies we have read in class. However, after analyzing this Greek comedy, it seems to share some of the main characteristics of Euripides' Medea. Within these plays, we meet shrewd, powerful masculine women who use the art of manipulation to get what they want from others and to accomplish their goals. This theme of manipulation is employed through various means and techniques. The women of these plays also seem to contradict the stereotypical woman and have characteristics similar to the Homeric Greek warrior.

In the opening scene of the Medea, the nurse tells the audience of Medea's sorrow. Although Medea has done everything possible to please Jason including committing crimes in his behalf, Jason leaves her and decides to wed the daughter of Creon, the king of Corinth. Though Jason is able to manipulate Medea in the beginning, his powers of manipulation are no match for Medea. Jason also tries to rationalize his actions by claiming that his sole purpose in marrying Creon's daughter is to better the lives of Medea and their children. However, after Medea is full of rage, it is impossible for Jason to manipulate her any further. Throughout the rest of the play, we see several examples of her excellent manipulative skills.

When Medea admits to her murderous intentions to the women of Corinth, she is able to convince them to keep silent about it. She pleads to them using their feministic views to her advantage. When Aegus, the king of Greece arrives in Corinth, she manipulates him to offers her refuge from her enemies in return for a cure for his infertility, a rare drug that most do not have the power to create. She does this because she realizes that she will need a place to stay after she completes her murderous acts in Corinth. Soon after this, Medea is able to manipulate Creon as well. When Creon banishes her, she tells him of her great concern for her children and eventually convinces him to allow her to stay in Corinth for one more day. This allows Medea to continue with her plan to take out revenge on Jason. Medea acts and speaks like a Homeric Greek warrior, but tricks Jason by acting submissively like the ideal Greek woman Jason wished her to be. Medea approaches Jason with gifts for his new wife, apologizes, and tells him that she realized he was right. This move allowed Medea to remove all skepticism from Jason's mind, and he willingly took the poisoned dress to his bride. In the course of a few hours, Medea's ultimate manipulation skills enable her to exploit four...

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Women and Christianity: Lysistrata by Aristophanes

2074 words - 8 pages Traditionally in ancient studies of various civilizations, women assume a submissive role as caretaker of the house and family. Generally, this trend continues throughout early organized society until around the time of sixty four A.D. with the rapid spread and judgment of the new religious dynamic of Christianity. The novel faith becomes notorious for the strong ties and companionship between members of the community as well as the appealing...

Medea and Other Plays by Euripides

1476 words - 6 pages A hero is person who is willing to sacrifice themselves for the betterment of society. In contrast to a hero, a villain is a person who inflicts harm upon society for their own sake. In Euripides’ play “Medea”, Medea is a character that fits into the characteristics of a villain. After her husband Jason betrays her, Medea undergoes a transformation from a helpless woman to a sadistic killer. Though she does display a positive role upon society...

Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata

1380 words - 6 pages Lust in Homer's The Odyssey and Aristophanes’ Lysistrata Lust is defined as an intense longing or a sexual desire. It is a common theme in literature; particularly in classic Greek literature. The reason it is so prevalent in literature is that is prevalent in our daily lives. Everyone lusts after something or someone. It is an interesting topic to examine closely, and classic literature is an excellent medium for such an investigation. Two...

Women in Euripides' Alcestis, Medea, Andromache, and Bacchae

2885 words - 12 pages Euripides portrayal of women in his plays has been somewhat bizarre. His female characters kill out of revenge, kill out of jealousy and kill because a god possessed them too. In Alcestis and Andromache Euripides does produce classic heroic female characters. The women in Medea and The Bacchae are not your typical heroines but serve to show the same theme of female liberation as the women in Alcestis and Andromache. While Alcestis is straight...

The Characterization of Medea in Euripides and Ovid

1560 words - 6 pages The Medea by Euripides, Heroides XII: Medea to Jason by OvidBoth Fifth century B.C....

Tragic Heroes in Euripides Medea, Shakespeare's Othello and Boccaccio's Decameron

2167 words - 9 pages The Tragic Heroes in Euripides Medea, Shakespeare's Othello and Boccaccio's Decameron, Tenth Day, Tenth Story Throughout many great works of literature there are numerous characters whose acts are either moral or immoral. In the works Euripides "Medea", Shakespeare's "Othello" and Boccaccio's Decameron, "Tenth Day, Tenth Story", the main characters all carry out actions which in today's day and age would be immoral and inexcusable. Medea...

The Marriage Vows of Medea and Dido: A Comparison, "The Medea" by Euripides and "The Aeneid" by Virgil

1163 words - 5 pages In The Medea by Euripides and The Aeneid by Virgil the characters of Medea and Dido respond to desertion by their husbands, the individual they love most, in the form of a quarrel. Both characters go on to attempt to alleviate their pain via revenge. Their judgments and actions are impaired by each woman's great eros and amor. Euripides and Virgil illustrate...

Essay on Role of Rulers in Aristophanes’ Lysistrata and Shaw’s Saint Joan

847 words - 3 pages Role of Rulers in Aristophanes’ Lysistrata and Shaw’s Saint Joan   Rulers, by definition, play a crucial role in a society. They choose the direction that the society will move, how it will move (whether it be imperial, economic, or militaristic in nature), and allocates the resources of the nation towards these goals. These leaders come to power in many different ways. Some are elected, some are appointed, and some seem to gain the...

Loyal Disobedience - A Social Tract of Euripides in Medea and Helen

1794 words - 7 pages Loyal Disobedience-A Social Tract of Euripides       In ancient Greece the females were considered to be conniving and deceiving whisperers, and men almost never trusted their wives.  The ideal woman was an obedient and placating wife.  They believed that the female should be strong but still yield to the power of the male in charge, whether it was older brother, father, or husband.  Euripides often used females in uncommon ways; he did not...

Comparison Between The Bacchae and The Medea

1266 words - 5 pages In Euripides’ The Bacchae and in the Medea, there are significant binary oppositions in both plays. Binary opposition is the two opposite terms, such as good versus bad. Binary opposition is used to present both sides of a contrast (Marvin, 1). In The Bacchae and the Medea, Euripides used binary opposition to highlight the central themes. The significant binary oppositions that are used are men versus women, foreigner versus citizen,...

Similarities Between Buddhism and Christianity

793 words - 3 pages In present-day society, the globalization, briefly including economics, and culture, has become an unstoppable tendency. With its rapid development and cultural communication, some controversies have emerged. Religious conflicts are characteristic examples showing the detrimental influences of cultural globalization. It is generally acknowledged that Buddhism and Christianity are ancient and global religions; however, whether the belief in...

Possibly two of the most well-known Grecian literary pieces in the universe areThe IliadandLysistrata. The Iliad is a poem written by Homer. who is one of the most outstanding Grecian poets. while the Lysistrata is a amusing drama written by Aristophanes. a Grecian playwright. The Iliad portrays the ten percent and last twelvemonth of the invasion of Troy by the Grecian ground forces called the Achaeans. On the other manus. the Lysistrata is a comedy that depicts the attempts of the all the adult females of Greece to stop the Peloponnesian war through declining to hold sexual intercourse with the work forces. Both dramas have a batch of similarities and differences peculiarly in their word picture of war.

One of the noteworthy similarities between the Iliad and the Lysistrata is that both depict a war between two cabals. In the Iliad. the two cabals at war are the Greeks ( the Achaeans ) . and the Trojans. On the other manus. the Lysistrata. involves a difference between the work forces and adult females of Greece. which was led by Lysistrata. Furthermore. the wars in the two Grecian literary plants both involve heroes. In the Iliad. the cardinal figure is Achilles. who is considered as the strongest Achaean warrior while on the side of the Trojans. Hector is the cardinal character and hero. In contrast. in the Lysistrata. the cardinal figure is a adult female named Lysistrata.

While the both dramas have similarities. they besides have assorted differences in their word picture of war. One noteworthy difference in the word picture of war between the two Greek plants is the temper. In the Iliad. the temper is both glorious and tragic as it involved the decease of several heroes every bit Wellss as victory in a figure of conflicts on both sides. In add-on. in the Iliad. it is shown that the Trojans and the Achaeans are non the lone 1s at war but the Greeks Gods and Goddesses every bit good. This is shown when Ares. the Grecian God of war. returned to Olympus after being wounded and said “We everlasting Gods. . .

Ah what chilling blows we suffer—thanks to our ain conflicting wills—whenever we show these mortal work forces some kindness. ” In short. the Iliad portrayed a war that had several internal struggles among figures. particularly leaders. even if they are on the same side. On the other manus. in the Lysistrata. the about the temper is largely light and amusing. although there is non truly a war but instead a struggle. In add-on. since the Lysistrata is a drama. the struggle between the work forces and the adult females is sung as shown in the lines of the Chorus of Men and the Chorus of Women.

However. perchance the most noteworthy difference between the two is the significance of war for the chief characters in both dramas. For the characters In the Iliad. war is non merely waged for award and glorification. but besides for immortality. This is best illustrated by Achilles in book 9 of the verse form when he said “If I hold out here and I lay besieging to Troy. my journey place is gone. but my glorification ne’er dies. If I voyage back to the homeland I love. my pride. my glorification dies. ” In other words. in the Iliad. war was depicted as tract to immortality.

On the other manus. in the Lysistrata. war was depicted as ugly and abhorrent which was shown by the adult females who refused to hold sex with the work forces unless they cease contending in the Peloponnesian war. Based on the drama the chief ground that the adult females do non prefer the war is because they are left entirely by their hubbies who all join the war. This is shown in the duologue between the Magistrate and Lysistrata wherein the latter said “instead of basking the pleasances of love and doing the best of our young person and beauty. we are left to pine away far from our hubbies. who are all with the ground forces.

But say no more of ourselves ; what afflicts me is to see our misss turning old in alone heartache. ” In short. throughout the full drama. the war was clearly depicted as unfavourable. particularly to the adult females. unlike in the Iliad. In drumhead. while both Greek literary works portray a struggle between two sides. they depicted war otherwise. In the Iliad. the war was illustrated as a manner for people to commemorate themselves while in the Lysistrata. the war was depicted as harmful to people. particularly adult females.

Plants Cited

“The Lysistrata. ” 2008. The EServer Drama Collection. 2 April 2008 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //drama. eserver. org/plays/classical/aristophanes/lysistrata. txt & gt ; .

“The Iliad. ” 2000. The Internet Classics Archive. 2 April 2008 & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //classics. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. edu/Homer/iliad. hypertext markup language & gt ; .

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