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Essay On Jijabai In Marathi Language

Jijabai History

जीजाबाई शाहजी भोसले राजमाता जीजाबाई और साधारणतः जीजाई के नाम से जानी जाती है। और वह मराठा साम्राज्य के संस्थापक छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज की माता है।

राजमाता जीजाबाई का इतिहास – Rajmata Jijabai History in Hindi

जीजाबाई का जन्म 12 जनवरी 1598 को हुआ, और वह महाराष्ट्र राज्य के बुलडाणा जिले के सिंदखेड राजा के लखोजीराव जाधव की बेटी थी। उस समय की परम्पराओ के अनुसार। अल्पायु में ही शाहजी राजे भोसले से विवाह हो गया, जो निजामशाही के दरबार में सैन्य दल के सेनापति थे। जीजाबाई ने 8 बच्चों को जन्म दिया जिनमे से 6 बेटिया और 2 बेटे थे। और उनमें से ही एक शिवजी महाराज भी थे।

जीजाबाई ने इतिहास में कई महत्वपूर्ण निर्णय लिये जो मराठा साम्राज्य के विस्तार के लिये सहायक साबित हुए।

जीजाबाई एक चतुर और बुद्धिमान महिला थी। जीजाबाई शिवजी को प्रेरणादायक कहानिया सुनाकर प्रेरित करती थी। उनसे प्रेरित होकर ही शिवाजी ने स्वराज्य हासिल करने का निर्णय लिया। उस समय उनकी आयु केवल 17 साल की ही थी। शिवाजी से महान शासक का निर्माण करने में जीजाबाई का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान रहा है।

कुछ ही समय बाद 17 जून 1674 को जीजाबाई की मृत्यु हो गयी।

जीजाबाई एक तेजस्वी महिला थीं। जीवन भर पग-पग पर कठिनाइयों और विपरीत परिस्थितियों को झेलते हुए उन्होंने धैर्य नहीं खोया। उन्होंने शिवाजी को महान वीर योद्धा और स्वतन्त्र हिन्दू राष्ट्र का छत्रपति बनाने के लिए अपनी सारी शक्ति, योग्यता और बुद्धिमत्ता लगा दी। शिवाजी को बचपन से बहादुरों और शूर-वीरों की कहानिया सुनाया करती थीं।

भगवत गीता के उपदेश और रामायण आदि कथाये सुनकर उन्होंने शिवाजी के बाल-ह्रदय पर स्वाधीनता की लौ प्रज्वलित कर दी थी। उनके दिए हुए इन संस्कारों के कारण आगे चलकर वह बालक हिन्दू समाज का संरक्षक एवं गौरव बना।

दक्षिण भारत में हिन्दू स्वराज्य की स्थापना की और स्वतन्त्र शासक की तरह अपने नाम का सिक्का चलवाया तथा ‘छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज’ के नाम से ख्याति प्राप्त की।

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Jijabai Biography

Jijabai Biography

Jijabai (1594-1674) was the mother of Shivaji, the legendary Maratha king and warrior who stood strong against the rivaling Mughal Empire. Jijabai was born in 1594 in the town of Sindhkhed in Maharashtra. Her father was an eminent Maratha Sardar and nobleman named Lakhuji Jadhavrao, while her mother was Malasa Bai. Her father served the NizamShahi of Ahmednagar and was proud of his high position and status.

Marriage came very early to Jijabai's life, as customary, and she tied the knot with Shahaji Bhosle, who was a spirited warrior and a diplomatic official who also served the Nizam Shah. Shahaji Bhosle was the son of Maloji Shiledar, who later grew in ranks to become 'Sardar Maloji Rao Bhosle'. Although the couple led a happily married life, there was an enmity that brewed amongst the family members. This led to a growing ill-feeling relationship between Shahaji and his father-in-law Jadhav that tore Jijabai apart, having to choose her loyalty between her husband and her father. Her father eventually left the kingdom to join forces with the Mughals of Delhi, against the Nizamshahi and revenge against Shahaji. Jijabai remained with her husband at the Fort of Shivneri, devotedly standing by his side; however, she was disappointed with the fact that both he and her father served under other rulers, while she longed for freedom under a kingdom founded by the Marathas themselves. Together they had eight children, of whom six were daughters and two were sons, Shivaji being one of them. Praying earnestly to the gods for a son who would become an independent ruler of the Maratha clan, her prayer was answered and Shivaji grew up to become the founder of the Maratha Empire.

Jijabai was known to be an influential and determined woman who was an embodiment of self-respect and virtue. Famed for her fore-sight, Jijabai was herself an able warrior and administrator. She passed down her quality traits to the growing Shivaji, and instilled within him a sense of duty, courage and fortitude to overcome any hardship arising. Under her guidance and care, Shivaji developed within him a human touch that saw him harbor a great respect for all women, religious tolerance, and justice, along with the love for his country, his religion and his quest for freedom of Maharashtra. Shivaji owes his greatness to the inspiration of his mother who dedicated her life to bringing up her son to become one of the greatest rulers of the Maratha Empire.

After Jijabai became the queen regent, she moved to Poona to manage her husband's Jagir there, taking Shivaji with her. In 1666 however, Shivaji left for Agra, leaving Jijabai to manage the affairs of the state. Since then, innumerable events in history went on by in Jijabai's life, some good, some tragic and painful, yet she silently bore them. The death of her husband brought her great sorrow. Her eldest son Sambhaji being slain by Afzal Khan, whom Shivaji later avenged with Jijabai's blessings. However, Shivaji's great conquests like his capture of the Fort of Thorangadh, his several gallant escapades with the Mughals, along with the valiant achievements of heroes like Thanaji, Baji Prabhu, Suryaji, who were also inspired by her, brought a unique feeling to her heart as that of a proud mother. Jijabai's dream was fulfilled when she witnessed the coronation of her son, Shivaji, as he ascended the golden throne in 1674, to become leader of the legendary Marathas.

Affectonately known as 'Rajmata', Jijabai died soon after a few days following Shivaji's coronation, in the village of Pachad, at the foot of Fort Raigarh. Her death brought great sorrow to the entire kingdom and more on Shivaji who mourned so deeply. Today, the region of Raigadh is regarded sacred, and its several statues of the Mother Jija with the boy Shivaji, makes it reminiscent of the maternal bonding between two great inspirational figures of Indian history.

Facts and Information about Jijabai

Original nameJijabai Bhosale
Also known asRajmata Jijabai
Born12 January 1598 (Sindkhed Raja, Buldhana District, India)
Died17 June 1674 (aged 76)
HusbandShahaji Bhosale
SonShivaji Bhosale
ChildrenTwo sons and six daughters
FatherLakhojirao Jadhav
HusbandShahaji Bhosale. She supported Shahaji in making a Hindu state on the land which was formerly known as Nizamshahi sultanate.
Temple RenovationThe Kasaba Ganapati Temple was renovated by her.
Inspired ShivajiShe narrated tales to Shivaji Maharaj from Mahabharata, Balaraja and Ramayana.
Death of elder sonSambhaji, Jijau's elder son, was killed on a military expedition by Afzal Khan.
Attempt at SatiJijabai attempted to commit sati when Shahaji died.
FilmRajmata Jijau, 2011is a film on the life of Jijabai.
DeathShe died on 17 June 1674, just after 12 days of Shivaji's coronation. Her Samadhi has been built at Village "Pachad" near Fort Rajgad.

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Last Updated on : February 1, 2014

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